Non-wood forest products for people, nature and the green economy

  • 2021

This white paper is a call to recognise, and to leverage, the potential of NWFP to contribute to policy priorities in Europe, especially in relation to rural development, nature conservation, and human well-being. It shows how leveraging NWFP potential could contribute to the successful implementation of the European Green Deal, and to a greener and more sustainable post-COVID economy restart.

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Recommendations for policy priorities in Europe. A white paper based on lessons learned from around the Mediterranean.

Forests for Water Services: A Step-by-Step Guide for Payment Schemes

  • 2021

The purpose of “A guide to Forest–Water Management” is to improve the global information base on the protective functions of forests for soil and water. Find out more.

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Guidance on designing appropriate and cost-effective forests for water payment schemes that support tree planting and forest management to protect and improve water quality.

How can National Forest Funds catalyse the provision of ecosystem services

  • 2021

National Forest Funds (NFFs) are a significant source of funding for the forestry sector. In this paper, we analysed three NFF case studies (Costa Rica, Morocco, and Vietnam) in order to assess, with operational examples, if and to what extent NFFs already operate on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) or PES-like mechanisms.


National forest funds and Payments for Ecosystem Services in Costa Rica, Morocco and Vietnam.

Deforestation Made in Italy

  • 2020

Download for free the publication “Deforestation Made in Italy”. A report in Italian dedicated to the responsibility of Italian companies and consumers in the deforestation of tropical countries.


This volume presents a summary of the contributions to the workshop "Deforestation made in Italy" held in Padua on 10 December 2019. After framing the issue of deforestation and forest degradation, analyzing the main drivers and impacts, the document presents methodological approaches and preliminary results relating to the estimate of the

RAF 2019 Italy Bosco Limite. The forest that defends against climate change

  • 2019

The first “Report on the state of Italian forests” aims to provide a global, detailed and timely picture of the state of Italian forests and its supply chains. The article, written by the Etifor team in collaboration with Davide Pettenella, presents a successful case study: Bosco Limite.


In recent decades Italian society has gradually lost sight of the importance of forests, a green lung that covers about 40% of the national territory.We have also forgotten how the national forest system, with its productive, environmental and socio-cultural chains, still represents a vital fulcrum of the country today. In this context, the first "Report

Valuing forest ecosystem services a training manual for planners and project developers

  • 2019

The aim of this manual, published by FAO, is to enhance understanding of ecosystem services and their valuation. Most of the examples and case studies presented herein, therefore, are tailored to the Bangladesh context, but the general concepts, approaches and methods can be applied to a broad spectrum of situations.


The aim of this manual is to enhance understanding of ecosystem services and their valuation. The specific target group comprises governmental officers in planning units and field-level officers and practitioners in key government departments in Bangladesh responsible for project development, including the Ministry of Environment and Forests and its agencies. Most of the examples and

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