Studies and research

Forests for Water Services: A Step-by-Step Guide for Payment Schemes

  • 2021

The purpose of “A guide to Forest–Water Management” is to improve the global information base on the protective functions of forests for soil and water. Find out more.

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Guidance on designing appropriate and cost-effective forests for water payment schemes that support tree planting and forest management to protect and improve water quality.

How can National Forest Funds catalyse the provision of ecosystem services

  • 2021

National Forest Funds (NFFs) are a significant source of funding for the forestry sector. In this paper, we analysed three NFF case studies (Costa Rica, Morocco, and Vietnam) in order to assess, with operational examples, if and to what extent NFFs already operate on Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) or PES-like mechanisms.


National forest funds and Payments for Ecosystem Services in Costa Rica, Morocco and Vietnam.

RAF 2019 Italy Bosco Limite. The forest that defends against climate change

  • 2019

The first “Report on the state of Italian forests” aims to provide a global, detailed and timely picture of the state of Italian forests and its supply chains. The article, written by the Etifor team in collaboration with Davide Pettenella, presents a successful case study: Bosco Limite.


In recent decades Italian society has gradually lost sight of the importance of forests, a green lung that covers about 40% of the national territory.We have also forgotten how the national forest system, with its productive, environmental and socio-cultural chains, still represents a vital fulcrum of the country today. In this context, the first "Report

Valuing forest ecosystem services a training manual for planners and project developers

  • 2019

The aim of this manual, published by FAO, is to enhance understanding of ecosystem services and their valuation. Most of the examples and case studies presented herein, therefore, are tailored to the Bangladesh context, but the general concepts, approaches and methods can be applied to a broad spectrum of situations.


The aim of this manual is to enhance understanding of ecosystem services and their valuation. The specific target group comprises governmental officers in planning units and field-level officers and practitioners in key government departments in Bangladesh responsible for project development, including the Ministry of Environment and Forests and its agencies. Most of the examples and

Demonstrating Ecosystem Services Impacts FSC International (FSC-GUI-30-006)

  • 2018

Forest Management Auditing Certification of Forest Products and Services

  • 2018

Forest managers, auditors and project developers require a new range of skills: this book, co-editing by Etifor, outlines the market-based tools that are required by such professionals to ensure corporate social responsibility in the forestry sector.

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It is difficult to find products or services in the market that are not defined as sustainable. But what makes a product or a service really sustainable? A good reference standard and a serious and independent system of control (audit). Lucio Brotto (Etifor Srl) and Davide Pettenella (University of Padova) as editors, and the rest

What does the future hold for poplar cultivation?

  • 2018

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