A SESA project to define the country’s REDD + policies and their socio-environmental impacts
- Responsible management
- World Bank
SESA (Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment) project is important as it aims to ensure that environmental and social issues and risks are addressed at an early stage in the process of formulating REDD+ (Reducing Emission from Deforestation and forest Degradation) policy and programmes.
In the case of the SESA in Sudan, its purpose to:
- Facilitate an understanding of the operating environment for REDD+ programs, including stakeholder analysis and the socio-environmental dimensions of the forestry sector;
- Identify potential environmental and social impacts related to REDD+ programs in Sudan;
- Suggest methods and measures to mitigate environmental and socioeconomic risks during REDD+ strategy implementation.
Overall, the problem is climate change caused by forest loss or degradation in developing countries. More specifically, SESA does not seek to fix any problem, rather, it seeks to understand in their entirety, the potential impacts from national REDD+ programs and policies, formulate alternatives and develop mitigation strategies.
The REDD+ readiness process ensures that implementation of proposed programs and activities will not cause adverse social and environmental impacts, while striving to enhance benefits for local communities and the environment. Countries participating in readiness activities with support from the FCPF (Forest Carbon Partnership Facility) are required to undertake a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA). The SESA assesses the potential impacts from national REDD+ programs and policies, formulates alternatives and develops mitigation strategies. SESA offers a platform for consultation to integrate social and environmental concerns into the policy-making process of REDD+.
SESA is complemented by an ESMF (Environmental and Social Management Framework), which establishes the principles, guidelines, and procedures for reducing, mitigating, and/or offsetting potential adverse environmental and social impacts, enhancing positive impacts and opportunities, and otherwise guiding potential investments towards compliance with relevant safeguards.
Etifor’s role in the SESA Sudan includes the following activities:
- Reviewing and national and international safeguard policies and approach to social and environmental issues;
- Defining arrangements and procedures for screening, assessing and the preparation of EMSF;
- Identification of major activities underlying the Strategic Options;
- Identification and assessment of significance of identified E&S impacts of SO’s activities.